Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is an abnormal growth of cells, usually in the cells that line the air passages.

There are several types of lung cancer. The two main types are:

  • Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) – this tends to grow and spread quickly.
  • Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) – this is the most common type of lung cancer. It tends to develops slowly.

Lung cancer doesn’t always cause obvious symptoms. However, signs can include:

  • Persistent cough
  • Coughing up mucus or blood
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of appetite
  • Chest pain.

When to come to us?

There are a number of initial tests needed to diagnose lung cancer. These start with

  • Discussing symptoms and medical history
  • A physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Scans, such as X-rays, MRI, CT and PET.

If these tests suggest you may have cancer, your consultant will probably recommend a biopsy – when a sample of tissue is taken for examination under a microscope.

This biopsy is usually done during a bronchoscopy. If necessary, it may also be done using a needle through the skin or during an operation. If you are diagnosed with lung cancer, you will have immediate access to world-class specialists and state of the art facilities.

When to come to us?

Our aim is to support and guide patients through whatever care they need, including:

  • Investigations and diagnosis
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Anti-cancer drugs.

We treat every patient on an individual basis. You will have the option to choose what you want, where and when. Our aim is to give everyone the best possible results.

Your consultant will work closely with other specialists in a multidisciplinary team to design a treatment plan for you.

The treatment of lung cancer depends on the type of cancer and how advanced it is, as well as a patient’s age and general health. In general, treatment will be surgery or chemotherapy. Other options may include radiotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapies.

We have a team of highly experienced Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNS) to support patient and consultant throughout the cancer treatment plan. They will work closely together to co-ordinate your care, and are there to advise and support you every step of the way.

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